At the start of the design a course we should decide on the models that will be the stem of the course.

Instructional design models are used to explain the process used to design and develop instructions. There are several models that can be used in different settings; the following are some of the most popular ones.

ADDIE is a five-stage process that provides guidelines to create effective training material. It stands for Analyze, Design, Develop, Implement, and Evaluate.

Analyze: In this step, the situation is analyzed to understand the goals and objectives for the learning material, requirements, needs, skills and knowledge of the learners.

Design: Identify the learning objectives such as the knowledge you want the learners to gain and the learning outcomes.

Develop: Identify how you can help the students get to the objectives you identified earlier and develop the instructional strategies accordingly.

Implementation: Implement the strategies by trying out your training programs with students.

Evaluate: Evaluate and measure the success of the training material you have designed and delivered. Note what needs to be changed.

NB! You may follow the link which is embedded into the image of the model to complete your model in the creatively.com service.

Merrill’s Principles of Instruction is a task-centered approach that focuses on different ways learning can be facilitated. According to this instructional design model, there are four phases of learning;


Activation: Learning material should activate the knowledge the learner already has on the subject matter. This helps them use it as a

Demonstration: The trainer/ teacher should demonstrate the knowledge through techniques such as video demos, infographics, etc.


Application: Learners should be allowed to apply the knowledge they have gathered on their own to solve problems.


Integration: Learners should be encouraged to integrate new knowledge into their life and use it to solve problems.


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You may follow the link which is embedded into the image of the model to complete your model in the creatively.com (Links to an external site.) service.

Bloom’s taxonomy classifies the different skills and objectives the educators set for their students.

While in 1956 Benjamin Bloom created this classification system to organize the different levels of cognitive learning, it was later modified by Anderson and Krathwohl. Thus it came to be known as the Revised Taxonomy.

To learn about Bloom’s Taxonomy in more detail refer to this article or watch the following video to get it explained for you.




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 You may follow the link which is embedded into the image of the model to complete your model in the creatively.com service.

 

Dick and Carey Model focuses on the interrelationship between context, content, instruction, and learning.  The components of the Dick and Carey model are as follows: 


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The Kemp design model which has a nonlinear structure or a circular structure conveys that the design process is a continuous cycle, therefore, it needs constant planning, design, and evaluation to ensure quality instruction.


This model includes 9 elements:

Identify learning goals and instructional problems or obstacles that may hinder them


Research the audience to identify learner’s characteristics that you can use to create more relevant course material


Identify the relevant subject content and analyze tasks to see whether they align with the defined goals


Clarify the instructional objectives to the learners and how they will benefit from the instructional programs


Make sure the content for each instructional unit is structured sequentially and logically to facilitate learning  

Design instructional strategies in such a way that will help learners to master the content and learning outcomes

Plan the instructional message and the mode of delivery

Develop evaluation instruments to evaluate the progress of the learners towards achieving the objectives

Select resources that will provide support for both teaching and learning activities

Action Mapping by Cathy Moore

Action mapping by Cathy Moore takes a visual approach to instructional design and is popularly used in the context of business. It’s a process that helps avoid information dumps and create more activity-centered training.

NB! You may follow the link which is embedded into the image of the model to complete your model in the creatively.com (Links to an external site.) service.